Before World War II the most effective incendiary was rubber mixed with gasoline. Because of its high toxicity about times as toxic as phosgene , its protective filters breakthrough property and wide availability, PFIB is listed in the Scheduled 2 toxic substance in the CWC. The chemical reactions that are generally applied in chemical decontamination methods are either nucleophilic reactions or oxidations. The patient should be removed from the contaminated environment. Medical defense against mustard gas: Toxic mechanisms and pharmacological implications. Faces gone, noses, gone, limbs gone, but still alive. The army liked napalm because it was easy to make and effective.
The Lethal Legacy of the Vietnam War
There Are Still Thousands of Tons of Unexploded Bombs in Germany, Left Over From World War II
Future of Space Exploration. The CH Chinook is a dual-horizontal-rotor helicopter designed to carry a crew of three and 33 passengers. Blood agents Blood agents[ 41 — 47 ] are cyanide group of chemicals that affect bodily functions by preventing the normal utilization of oxygen by body tissues. A candle burns outside St. It takes rocks dug from the nearby riverbed, then dirt found or bought from somewhere else. On a bookshelf in my apartment in New York City, I keep a soccer ball woven from rattan, so perfect Buckminster Fuller might have invented it.
Bombscapes: The Science and Legacy of 'Bombturbation'
Trees became angry torches. Chemical agents and chemical terrorism. My mother came from Nagasaki with clothes. Mustards are lipophilic and readily penetrate the skin, most textiles and rubber. Lewisite L was synthesized in for military purpose due to its non-flammable property and toxicity similar to mustard, but has probably not been used on a battlefield.
The convulsions induced by nerve agent poisoning may cause brain damage. However, mass casualties were prevented not as a consequence of the medical response but because of the inefficiency of the delivery method. A heavily-guarded vigil was held outside St Anthony's Shrine in Colombo at am, the moment a bomber struck the church last week, killing dozens of worshippers. Three types of riot control agents are recognized: lachrymators, which primarily cause lachrymation and eye irritation; sternutators, which mainly cause sneezing and irritation of the upper respiratory tract; and vomiting agents, which additionally cause vomiting. With more than , dead by the end of in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and with many more dying in subsequent years, nuclear weapons emerged as the nonpareil weapon of mass destruction, their power magnified by the mystique of radiation. They slept with their heads just a few feet from the hole. Thus VX, a sulfur-containing OP, is more potent than sarin, is more stable, less volatile and less water-soluble, acting through direct skin contact, and persisting in the environment up to several weeks after release.
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